EFEK SAMPING KONTRASEPSI SUNTIK DEPO MEDROXY PROGESTERONE ASETAT (DMPA) DAN CYCLOFEM PADA AKSEPTOR KB SUNTIK

Rusminah Rusminah, Evy Tri Susanti, Dwi Yuliyanti

Abstract


ABSTRAK

 

Latar belakang: Keluarga Berencana merupakan salah satu usaha untuk mencapai kesejahteraan dengan jalan memberikan nasehat perkawinan, pengobatan kemandulan dan penjarangan kelahiran. Metode KB yang dapat digunakan berupa metode sederhana seperti kondom, spermiside, coitus interuptus, pantang berkala. Metode efektif seperti hormonal, mekanis dan KB darurat. Jenis kontrasepsi yang menjadi pilihan ibu adalah kontrasepsi suntik dikarenakan aman, efektif, tidak mengganggu proses laktasi, tidak mengganggu hubungan seksual dan murah. Kontrasepsi suntik ada dua jenis yaitu Depo Medroxy Progesteron Asetat (DMPA) yang diberikan setiap tiga bulan dan Cyclofem yang diberikan setiap satu bulan. Kontrasepsi suntik mempunyai efek samping perdarahan tidak menentu, amenore, peningkatan berat badan, mual, gelisah, sakit kepala dan nyeri payudara ringan.  Tujuan: mengetahui gambaran efek samping kontrasepsi suntik DMPA dan Cyclofem. Metode: deskriptif untuk mendapat gambaran efek samping kontrasepsi suntik pada kurun waktu tertentu dengan metode cross sectional di Dusun Klangon dan Dusun Kiyudan Desa Sawangan Kabupaten Magelang. Hasil: Responden sejumlah 47 akseptor KB yang terdiri dari 30 akseptor kontrasepsi suntik DMPA dan 17 akseptor Cyclofem. Efek samping yang dialami akseptor DMPA sejumlah 100% mengalami perubahan pola menstruasi, 66,7% terjadi peningkatan berat badan, 40% mengalami depresi. Efek samping yang dialami akseptor Cyclofem sejumlah 41,2% mengalami mual dan gelisah, 64,7% mengalami sakit kepala dan 64,7% mengalami nyeri payudara ringan. Simpulan: Efek samping kontrasepsi suntik DMPA 100% mengalami perubahan menstruasi, 66,7% terjadi peningkatan berat badan, 40% mengalami depresi. Efek samping kontrasepsi suntik Cyclofem 41,2% mengalami mual dan gelisah, 64,7% mengalami sakit kepala, 64,7% mengalami nyeri payudara ringan.

Kata kunci :  Akseptor, Cyclofem, DMPA, efek, kontrasepsi.

ABSTRACT

 

Background: Family Planning is one of the efforts to achieve prosperity by providing marriage advice, treatment of infertility and thinning births. KB methods that can be used are simple methods such as condoms, spermiside, coitus interuptus, periodic abstinence. Effective methods such as hormonal, mechanical and emergency family planning. The type of contraception that is the choice of mothers is injection contraception because it is safe, effective, does not interfere with the lactation process, does not interfere with sexual relations and is cheap.contraception are of two types, namely InjectableMedroxy Progesterone AsetatDepo (DMPA)which is given every three months and Cyclofem is given every month. Injectable contraception has side effects of erratic bleeding, amenorrhea, weight gain, nausea, anxiety, headaches and mild breast pain.  Objective: to describe the side effects of DMPA and Cyclofem injection contraception. Method: Descriptive to get a description of the side effects of injectable contraception at a certain time with themethod cross sectional in Klangon and Kiyudan Hamlets, Sawangan Village, Magelang Regency. Results: Respondents were 47 KB acceptors consisting of 30 DMPA injection contraceptive acceptors and 17acceptors Cyclofem. Side effects experienced by DMPA acceptors amounted to 100% experienced changes in menstrual patterns, 66.7% increased weight, 40% experienced depression. Side effects experienced byacceptors were Cyclofem 41.2% experiencing nausea and anxiety, 64.7% had headaches and 64.7% had mild breast pain. Conclusion: Side effects of DMPA injection contraception 100% experience changes in menstruation, 66.7% increase in body weight, 40% experience depression. Side effects ofinjection contraception Cyclofem 41.2% experienced nausea and anxiety, 64.7% experienced headaches, 64.7% experienced mild breast pain.

 

Key words: acceptor, cyclofem, DMPA, effects, contraception.


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Jurnal Keperawatan Karya Bhakti
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